Universities in Slovakia have mentioned that years of multimillion-euro cuts imply they won’t be able to simply accept Ukrainian college students this autumn, when a wave of enrollments is anticipated.
Because the begin of the Russian invasion, solely a few hundred college students from Ukraine have managed to enroll at universities in neighboring Slovakia, becoming a member of the roughly 7,000 who have been there earlier than the warfare, Mária Čikešová, secretary normal of the Slovak Rectors’ Convention (SRK), instructed Occasions Increased Schooling. However there have been prices in supporting siblings fleeing Ukraine who joined present college students in college lodging, and a a lot higher variety of Ukrainian college students is anticipated to enroll this month.
“Universities are actually asserting that their sources to assist Ukrainian college students and lecturers are operating out,” the SRK mentioned in a press release, citing cuts of 45 million euros ($44 million) to the upper training funds in each 2021 and 2022, and a projected reduce of €27 million ($26 million) in 2023. “With out extra funds from the state funds, public universities will now not have funds for scholarships, free lodging and meals for Ukrainian college students within the new educational yr.”
The Slovakian training ministry has not responded to queries from Occasions Increased Schooling on whether or not it intends to cancel the 2023 cuts or present further funding for 2022 to cowl internet hosting and instructing prices.
Most of those that have enrolled since Russia’s February invasion are ladies taking language programs in preparation for additional research in September, mentioned Čikešová, with nearly all of Ukrainian college students learning in Košice, lower than two hours’ drive from the Ukrainian border.
Jana Mojžišová is the rector of the College of Veterinary Medication and Pharmacy in Košice. The general public college teaches any college students who go its entrance exams, with tuition funded by the federal government. Her college had 34 college students from Ukraine earlier than the warfare, with 20 becoming a member of since.
She mentioned “many extra” college students from Ukraine are getting ready to check in Slovakia within the coming educational yr as a result of they’ve had the time since February to satisfy admission necessities, with greater than 1,000 of them at universities in Košice alone.
“If the federal government would supply us with the funds to rent extra academics and create infrastructure, we will settle for extra college students,” she mentioned, however she added that with out further funding, her establishment must reduce on workers within the coming years, hurting instructing high quality.
Mojžišová mentioned internet hosting every pupil prices the college a minimum of €300 ($297) monthly, together with €60 for a shared dormitory room and €100 for primary canteen meals.
Ukrainians have taken jobs cleansing the college’s animal hospital to assist cowl their prices, she added.
Some Ukrainian mother and father have despatched their kids to remain in dorms with older siblings learning on the college. Below authorities guidelines, the college can declare again funds for supporting these refugee siblings, however not for Ukrainian college students enrolled on the college.
Mojžišová mentioned that the rectors’ convention and particular person universities had all petitioned the federal government for further funding, with out success. She mentioned some Ukrainian college students would most likely should drop out in the event that they should pay for his or her residing prices, due to the issue of holding down a job throughout such an intensive course.
The prospects of motion in time for the approaching enrollment wave look unlikely, with the present coalition authorities teetering getting ready to collapse.